|What is Mindfulness?|
Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one’s attention to experiences occurring in the present moment.
Mindfulness practice involves the process
of developing the skill of bringing
one’s attention to whatever is happening in
the present moment.
Watching the breath, body-scan, and other techniques:
One method is to sit on a straight-backed chair or sit cross-legged on the floor or a cushion, close one’s eyes and bring attention to either the sensations of breathing in the proximity of one’s nostrils or to the movements of the abdomen when breathing in and out. In this meditation practice, one does not try to control one’s breathing, but attempts to simply be aware of one’s natural breathing process/rhythm. When engaged in this practice, the mind will often run off to other thoughts and associations, and if this happens, one passively notices that the mind has wandered, and in an accepting, non-judgmental way, returns to focusing on breathing.2. In body-scan meditation the attention is directed at various areas of the body and noting body sensations that happen in the present moment.3. One could also focus on sounds, sensations, thoughts, feelings and actions that happen in the present. In this regard, a famous exercise, introduced by Kabat-Zinn in his MBSR program, is the mindful tasting of a raisin, in which a raisin is being tasted and eaten mindfully.
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